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Various Kinds of The Local Tradition Finish

Dayak Tattoo

A few modern theorists nelieve that certain designs (jungle animals and plants) and dark coloring used in Dayak tattoos serve as perfect camouflage for hunters hunting in the jungle. It blends nicely within the natural surroundings. A tattoo, in some Dayak beliefs, signifies a torch for the dead, a guidance that leads them through the darkness into the eternity in the longhouses (traditional house) of their ancestors in the afterlife. Besides that, a tattoo in Dayak also, among other things, signifies:
* Social Status  >>> the hornbill or burung enggang motif is designated only for the noble. Only women of high rank can have their calves and upped legs tattooed.
* Spiritual Protection >>> the hornbill, scorpion, and centipede designs are used as protection against evil spirits.
* Achievements >>> great warriors got tattooed after a war or a hunting expedition. In Kayan and Kenyah tribes, tattoos of different motifs on a man indicate that he travels a lot.
* Expertise >>> Tattoo markings, like rings, on fingers indicate that a person is an expert in helping others, such as traditional healer. The more tattoos a person has, the more expert he/she is.
* Fertility >>> The Lahanan tribe use tendril hooks and bamboo shoot imagery as symbols of fertility.

A Tongkonan is traditional house in Toraja. The most interesting feature of the house is its roof that resembles a boat. According to a Trojan myth, the ancestors of the Toraja people came by boat from the north, from the Mekong Delta in China. Another legend has it that their ancestors, who came in boats, were caught by a terrible storm that damaged their vessels. So they used the boats as roof for their houses. As a sign of respect to their ancestors, the Torajan Tongkonan faces north.

Wooden figures placed on high stone walls in Tanah Toraja are called Tau-Tau. Many people thought that a Tau-tau, a Torajan effigy (a human statue made of wood), is a representation of a dead aspect. The wrong assumption also originates from the present style of the effigy, whose face resembles the dead person's. This new style is highly criticized by the older generation of Tau-Tau makers. For them, such style has made the tradition lose its sacred meaning. In truth, a Tau-Tau represents life cycle, not the dead phase, of an ancestral figure because the soul of the dead person has turned into a good like ancestor incorporated in the efigy. The Torajan believe in a continuous life cycle, including life after death. So, when a living relative of a Tau-Tau wants to give offering to the dead, the relative simply puts the offering on the palms of the effigy.

Asmat Carving
Asmat crude yet unique design of human figures made the carvings coveted by art collectors around the world. Asmat people carve statues to respect the souls of their ancestors. In their dreams, Asmat people can see their ancestors and then they carve the statues to resemble the ancestors. But that's not all. They also make use of the carvings. After being used in a traditional ceremony, the carvings are left in marshes and sago and palm plantations to guard these food sources.